替嬰兒剪指甲、腳甲

每個新手父母面對替嬰兒剪指甲,可能都會感到誠惶誠恐,開吧會不小心剪傷孩子的皮膚。究竟睇嬰兒剪指甲、腳甲時,有什麼要注意呢?

為何要替嬰兒剪指甲?

指甲容易藏污垢、細菌,若不定時替嬰兒剪指甲,他們容易抓傷面部、頭皮,引致皮膚發炎。

工具

嬰兒專用指甲鉗或剪刀。市面上有很多不同牌子、款式的選擇,只要父母感覺唔該晒小林你搵到等人媽咪病了當瞓咗用得舒服就可以。

最適宜剪指甲、腳甲時間

一般而言, 嬰兒洗澡後, 指甲會變軟,家人替他們剪指甲、腳甲會更容易。然而,不是每個嬰兒都會乖乖不動,任大人剪甲。若你想替孩子剪甲,但他不停的郁動手或腳,那你便不應浪費時間,和他博鬥。嬰兒年紀太小,未懂得如何與大人合作。這時,父母應考慮趁嬰兒熟睡時,才靜靜的替他剪、腳甲。這樣比較安全,因為這是孩子不會再掙扎,剪傷他們指甲、腳甲的機會也相對較少。

頻密度

嬰兒的指甲、腳甲生長很快,平均每星期可以替嬰兒剪甲一、兩次。

如新手父母害怕替嬰兒剪指甲,應怎麼辦?

父母可以考慮讓嬰兒穿可以遮蓋手指的薄長袖衫。這樣,嬰兒就不容易抓傷面部、頭皮。

 

 幼 兒 照 顧 服 務 Child Care Services

社會福利署非致府機構提供多元化的幼兒照顧服務,以支援一些因工作或其他原因而暫時未能照顧子女的父母。這服務也可舒緩僱主因外傭辭職/ 新外傭未能及早到港,引致沒人照顧嬰幼兒的壓力

詳情請登入以下網頁:
http://www.swd.gov.hk/tc/index/site_pubsvc/page_family/sub_listofserv/id_childcares/

        
The Social Welfare Department in Hong Kong provides Child Care Services to assist parents who cannot take care of their children because of work or other reasons. This services can reduce the stress of employers if your existing helper resign/ new domestic helper cannot come early.   

For detail, please click the link below and read:
http://www.swd.gov.hk/en/index/site_pubsvc/page_family/sub_listofserv/id_childcares/

"我不喜歡新工人姐姐"

若僱主聘請/更換新的外籍家庭傭工(以下簡稱「工人」/「工人姐姐」),很容易會聽到一些孩子們各式各樣的投訴:「我不喜歡新工人姐姐。」例如:她只顧做家務,不同我玩; 她逼我做功課、她煮的東西不好吃、她很麻煩、她很髒、她把我的東西亂放、她有體臭 ……等等。如果收到投訴,你會如何處理?

a. 把新工人辭退,請過另一位。

b. 責備工人。

c. 細心聆聽孩子的投訴及工人的解釋,再找出解決方法。

答案:

a. 把新工人辭退,請過另一位。好些僱主會因為孩子不喜歡新的工人,結果不到幾個星期就把新工人辭退。表面看來,這似乎是最快、最有效處理孩子的投訴。然而,這對於孩子成長,未必是好事。

我們需要從小培養孩子解決問題的能力及和不同類型、性格的人和諧共處的能力。很多生活不快樂的人,就是因為不懂得處理問題和人際關係。如果僱主因孩子不喜歡,就把新工人辭退,孩子恐怕會白白錯失學習包容、互相遷就、接納他人及解決問題的機會。不合心意就換,會讓孩子變得越來越自我中心,冇同情心; 遇到問題,只會逃避,結果不懂得如何與人保持長久和諧的關係。另外,一個新來港的外傭,適應新工作環境、語言、文化,需要平均需要6-8個月。所有醒目好工人,都曾經遇到有願意讓他們成長、給他們進步空間的僱主。

b. 責備工人。假如僱主沒有詳細了解事情來龍去脈,就責備工人,恐怕會錯怪好人。有時孩子投訴,只為想吸引父母的注意力; 有時工人未必有做錯,可是孩子年紀小,表達時詞不達意,造成誤會。有時孩子投訴工人姐姐,其實是說謊,目的是為掩飾自己做錯事。輕率責備工人,(特別是菲傭,她們不接受任何的言語暴力)輕則破壞僱傭關係,重則鼓勵工人辭職的決心。而孩子則從父母身上學習到隨便諉過於人、責備別人。

c. 細心聆聽孩子的投訴及工人的解釋,再找出解決方法。僱主在處理孩子投訴時,應保持中立。細心聆聽,加上適當的提問,有助了解真相,同時令孩子感到被重視。此外,僱主應把問題告訴工人,聽聽她有何解釋,再找出解決的方法。要改變的,可能是工人的處事方法、態度; 可能是孩子對新工人的期望; 可能孩子和新工人都有要調適的地方。這會為孩子建立一個很好的榜樣: 遇到問題時,冷靜、公平、理性找出問題的原因和解決方法。

 

「我不喜歡新工人姐姐。」作為父母的僱主,若聽到孩子這投訴,希望你會作出明智的回應。

 

How to deal with Domestic Helpers when they ask for a Loan?

Many foreign domestic helpers who live in Hong Kong get stuck in debt, sometimes due to their lack of money handling skills or being duped by agencies and people with high interest rates. They get seldom caught in spirals of debt. 

A domestic helper’s debt can be a major headache for the employer, even before they start a job at their place. Hence, it’s in the best interest of the employer to choose a potential maid with no debt whatsoever. One of the best ways to limit any possibility of hiring a domestic helper with debts is when one goes through direct hire. The process will ensure that you have hired the worker yourself after a thorough background check through agencies. By limiting the contact of the agency, one can make sure your helper doesn’t have to pay them anything!

 

Give loan advances after knowing them properly

Before even managing to give out a loan, one needs to have trust on the helper and then discuss salary advances. Employers need to chat at length about their helper’s financial situation in a thoughtful manner and then think about offering advance money. Ask the helper about previous debts and the need for salary advance frankly from you. If he or she does not divulge details, you need not offer any advance as you need to be sure where the money would be used. Ask how your helper would handle the debt and the reason behind it. Do not make the situation awkward and don’t embarrass your helper in front of family members. Help them get on track financially if with salary advances if possible. Guide them about financial planning, opening up a bank account where they can deposit salary every month.

 

Help Domestic helpers manage their finances responsibly

Most foreign domestic helpers travel to Hong Kong to work and earn money and then support families back home. Many have to shell out an average of 15-30,000 HKD as part of agency fees after borrowing the same to pay the fee. They might be under pressure to pay the fee back, hence you might consider offering them a loan or salary advance. But it is essential that you manage such a loan or salary advance on paper and in reality. Help them settle debts with genuine receipts as proof of what they owe. Agree only on an amount that they can manage to pay back to you every payday. Discuss their budgeting style and offer ideas to manage money on particular circumstances. Do not entertain new helpers with ideas, as it would put pressure on your own finances. Help them manage their finances responsibly. 

 

To support your domestic helper about loan sharks issue, contact a non-profit organization to aid you in this regard.

 

Provide sound advice before giving advances

With respect to finances, domestic helpers would generally regard it as their personal issue and might hesitate to bring their situation out in the open. Be empathetic about their situation, and provide friendly advice, without intimidating them with figures and facts. Do not go overboard in lending money as it might create problems for you. 

 

If your domestic helper has been working with you for quite a while, a small loan is understandable. Never lend anything more than a couple of month’s salary. Your worker might feel pressurized to pay it back. Chat openly about the amount offered as advance and refrain from giving it if your helper has a history of unhealthy spending habits. If it is a genuine family emergency, you might think of offering a handy loan with easy installments, maybe over six months. Do not lend your helper more money until they have repaid the previous loan in full. Let them manage their debt personally and also make it clear to them that you do not offer loans to them easily.

 

Conclusion

Offering financial advice is a noble thing to do, although sometimes you might think of lending some money to get your helpers out of trouble. Keep a tab of the loan and also an eye on your helper’s spending habits. After all, any problem affecting the helper might indirectly affect your family routine too.

 

Author bio

Edouard Muller is a French entrepreneur working in the Hive Sai Kung. He is the founder of HelperPlace – a leading platform to find the right domestic helper in Hong Kong.

Child Care, First Aid & CPR Course


Child Care, First Aid & CPR Course: 
There is a 11 hour course is for domestic helpers who care for your babies and young children. The course covers Child Care, First Aid & CPR and is held in a real home so that all safety scenarios in your helper’s exercises are in realistic situations.

有一個11小時的課程,是為裝備你的菲傭照顧你的寶寶和幼兒而設。該課程涵蓋幼兒護理、急救和心肺復蘇術。


詳情請登入以下網頁For detail, please click:
http://thefamilyzone.hk/courses/helpers-child-care-first-aid-cpr/

How to handle Preschool Children's Eating Problems

When a child reaches six months old, she/he can start  to eat solid food.  It is common to hear parents of preschool age children (3 years old & under) to complain that their children have different kinds of eating problems.

 

Common Eating Problems

Preschool children common eating problems include:  difficulty sitting still and eating quietly until finishing a meal, dropping food on the floor, picky eater, playing with the food, refusing to eat on their own, eating very slow, temper tantrums,  playing with toys, mobile phones etc while eating.

Common Reasons

  1. Parents/Caregivers have little knowledge about the characteristics of children at different ages, so that they may have unrealistic expectations on them:

    1. Preschool children’s attention span time is relatively short(usually less than 10 minutes), easy to be distracted. If the meal time is long, they feel bored and want to walk around. Also , preschool children of this age will be full of curiosity and like to explore different things by touching. It is difficult to make them sit still for a long time.

    2. Preschool children have food preferences, like adults. As long as a child has a balanced diet, willing to eat different types of food, parents/caregivers should not force them to eat the food they dislike.

    3. Normal preschool children’ s appetite may not be the same everyday.  Maybe today a child can eat half a bowl of rice, tomorrow he/she wants to eat one third bowl of rice only and feels full. No need to force a child to eat all the amount of food you provide as this may make the child feel that eating is unpleasant experience.

  2. Parents do not set up regular eating habit for their children.
    Some parents let the children eat whenever they want. This results in the children eating more snacks, and then they have no appetite to eat at dinner time. It is difficult for this kind of family to set up regular eating habits for their kids. Some parents/caregivers give the children toys or electronic products to play while eating, in  the hope that  the children will not walk around when eating. Some want the children to eat faster, so they feed the children to speed things up even though the child is capable of feeding themselves. These result in giving the children extra attentio and reinforce inappropriate eating behaviors.

 

How to prevent /solve eating problems of preschool children

  1. Prepare the children for the meal time.

    If the children enjoy playing games and activities, they will feel very disappointed if they need to stop playing immediately. The chance that they do not cooperate is high. To minimize both the parents/caregivers and the children’s frustration, we can prepare the child by saying, "Jason, play this game for one more time, then go, wash  hands and eat." Or " Maria, you can play three more minutes, then go to wash hands and have dinner." This helps the children to cooperate with us better.

     

  2. Let the children eat the amount they can eat.

    The amount of the food for the preschool children should be based on how much they can eat, NOT how much the parents/caregiver wants them to eat. Tell the children that if the food is not enough, they can take the initiative to ask for more. No matter the children can finish eating all the food or not, they should know clearly that they will not be given any snacks before next meal.

     

  3. Set rules for the children during meal time

    Clear rules will increase the chance of having a smooth mealtime. Here are some good rules to consider:

    1. Don't leave your seat when eating,

    2. No playing with toys/ mobile phone/ tablet/ any electronic products while eating.(Because it will only distract the children, extend their eating time. of course, adults have to set a good model ourselves),

    3. Don't play with food,

    4. Don't waste food (???)

    5. Feed yourself

 

  1. Tips

    1. Use a timer. If a child has a minor problem, for example: eating too slowly, we can set a count down timer and remind him/her that the meal time will end when the timer gets to zero. He/she should finish the food within the time limit.  Before the next meal, we will not give the child any food and snacks.

    2. Deliberately ignore some behavior: Some children like to do little tricks to attract the attention of parents/caregivers. Some children feel curious of their surroundings when eating outside and want to look around. In these cases the best thing to do is to deliberately ignore the behavior. Sometimes giving a child too much attention will encourage them to do more improper behavior.
       

  2. Reward and Consequences
     

    1. Rewards help the children to follow the rules and eat better. For example, if the
      children sit and eat properly, they can enjoy a snack after dinner, or let the children  enjoy 10 minutes more play time in the park. Also, praise the children for the good behaviour as it will encourage them to be more willing to comply with the meal rules. Also let the children know the consequences of non-compliance.

 

    1. Punishment or Consequences: help children cultivate good habits and learn to obey the rules. If a child ignores the warning of adults, continues to do improper behavior, or breaks the rules,  then they need to experience some negative consequences so that they will learn to take responsibility for their own actions.

      For example, if a child has tantrums or throws food on the floor, we can bring the child to  a corner, tell him that he violated a meal rule and will be subject to a consequence. There are many ways to punish a child including: make a child sit in the corner for two minutes before they can continue to eat together; cancel play time in the park, etc. If the child admits the misbehaviour, or says "sorry", we should accept and forgive them. We can praise them, "I appreciate that you admit and are willing to correct from your mistake, you are a good boy."

Summary

Meal times for small children do not need to become a "contest of wills" and misbehavior does not need to be resolved by physical punishment or shouting. If you follow these practical steps of relaxing your expectations about what and how much a child needs to eat, setting some basic rules along with rewards and consequences then meal time can be an enjoyable experience. The stress level at home will go down and life will improve for the children, the parents and the caregivers.

 

Kathy Lam is the Client Relationship Manager or Arrow Employment Services, registered nurse, Family Life Coach of I Care Family, a mother of 3 girls. 

處理學前孩子的進食問題

當孩子六個月開始,便可以開始進食固體食物。由這時到學前的兒童, 我不時會聽到家長們申訴, 他們的孩子有不同的進食問題。要安排孩子們完成一頓飯,好像打仗般, 困難重重, 令他們非常頭痛。

常見進食問題

學前兒童常見的飲食問題包括: 不肯乖乖坐下吃飯、偏食、拿食物玩耍、不肯自己吃飯、打翻食物、吃得很慢、發脾氣、一邊進食, 一邊玩玩具/手提電話/掌上電腦等等。

常見成因

1. 家長對孩子不同時期成長的特質認識不足, 以致對孩子有有不切實際的期望。

a.學前兒童專注時間比較短,容易分心。如果用餐時間長, 或他們覺得悶,便會想四處走動。加上這年紀的孩子對四周事物都會充滿好奇心, 他們喜歡觸碰不同的東西。很難要求他們長時間乖乖坐在一個地方。

b. 孩子和大人一樣,對食物有偏好。只要孩子有均衡飲食,肯吃不同類的食物, 家長不必強迫他們吃不喜歡的食物。

c.孩子和大人一樣, 不會每天的胃口都一樣好。可能今天孩子可以吃半碗飯, 明天只想吃三分一碗飯就覺飽。不需要強迫孩子必需食完你所給他的所有份量,恐怕這次會令進餐變成苦差。

2.家長沒有為孩子建立有規律的飲食習慣。

有些家長任由孩子們隨時想吃就吃。結果孩子吃過多零食,到吃正餐的時間就沒有胃口。要為這些孩子建立有規律的飲食習慣會更困難。也有些家長為了鼓勵孩子吃正餐時不四處走動, 而給與孩子玩具/電子產品一邊玩、一邊吃飯; 哄孩子吃飯或餵飯, 結果無意中給與孩子額外的注意力, 鼓勵了他們不吃飯這不恰當的行為。

如何預防/解決學前孩子的進食問題

1定時定點進餐

食物的份量應該以孩子能夠吃完為準, 而非家長心中希望他吃多少。告訴他如食物份量不夠,孩子可以主動要求加添。無論孩子能夠吃完食物與否,在下一餐前, 他將不可以進食任何零食/小吃。

2進餐時不可同時玩玩具/手提電話/電腦/任何電子產品。

因這只會令孩子分心, 延長他進食的時間。

3給孩子時間心理準備

要孩子立刻停止正玩得興高采烈的遊戲/活動時間去進食, 對他們而言,是一件很掃興的事。他們不合作、不服從的機會很高。我們可以預先給孩子心理準備,如: 「雯雯,玩多一次這遊戲, 就去洗手吃飯。」或者「妹妹,要吃晚餐了,你可以玩多三分鐘, 就去洗手吃飯。」這樣, 係指會較容易和我們合作。

4和孩子定立用餐的規矩

這可增加他們順利吃完一頓飯的機會和效率。例如:吃飯時不可以擅自離開座位、進餐時不可同時玩玩具/手提電話/電腦/任何電子產品(當然,大人們都要以身作則)、不應無故或浪費食物、自己餵自己吃飯。

5獎勵及懲罰 

若想孩子服從規矩, 要定明遵守規則的奬勵。如: 孩子如果乖乖坐着吃飯, 飯後可享用一個小吃,或帶他到公園逛。稱讚孩子將鼓勵他們更樂意的遵守用餐規矩。 

同時,也要讓孩子知道不守規矩的後果。

i. 溫馨提示

如果孩子犯了小問題, 例如:吃得慢, 可以提醒他, 用餐的時間是30分鐘/45分鐘,夠鐘就會收拾所有食物。在下一次用餐前, 不會給孩子任何食物和小吃。

ii. 刻意忽略

有些孩子喜歡做一些小動作, 以吸引父母或照顧者的注意力。另外,在外用餐時, 有時孩子因為對四周的環境好奇, 喜歡東張西望。這時, 我們可刻意忽略這些小搗蛋的行為。給孩子過多的注意力,有時反而會鼓勵他們不恰當的行為。

iii. 懲罰

所有孩子都應該至少培養服從規矩的好習慣。如果孩子不理會大人的溫馨提示, 仍繼續不當的行為, 或破壞規矩, 便要為自己的行為負責, 接受後果。假如孩子在進餐時,做了些嚴重不恰當的行為, 便要接受懲罰。

如:  發脾氣、打翻食物, 我們可以把孩子帶到一旁, 告訴他他犯了什麼用餐規矩, 與他將要受到什麼懲罰, 然後執行。懲罰的方法可以有很多,包括:處罰孩子自己坐在一角兩分鐘, 然後才可以一起繼續進餐;取消去公園玩 。假如孩子認錯,或說:「對不起」,我們便要接納、原諒他們。可以稱讚他們:「知錯能改, 是好孩子。」

小結

以上的教導實際可行, 不用打罵孩子, 大家也可以改善學前孩子的進餐問題。假若父母或照顧者說一套、做一套, 或家中不同的照顧者沒有一致地堅決執行所定立的規矩, 只會變相鼓勵孩子不守規矩, 令他們進餐的問題變得更嚴重。願這分享能幫助所有家長或照顧者, 有效、輕鬆地處理學前孩子的進餐問題。

 

 

 

 

 

 

性教育,由家庭開始,由父母開始 2

以下問題都是我三個女兒年幼時曾問的問題, 現與大家分享, 盼望各家長也以輕鬆心情回應孩子千奇百趣的問題:

問題1

女兒: 媽媽, 未出生前的我是從哪裏來到這個世界?

我: 既然你是天父賜給父母的禮物, 那未出生前的你當然是由天父哪裏來。

(基督敎相信上帝乃萬物之源, 創造世界、創造生命。故我如此回答。女兒們也很滿意這答案)

問題2

女兒: 為何我是女孩,不是男孩?

我: 這個我也不知道。我想, 天父認為做女仔最適合你, 所以造你成為女仔。媽媽感謝天父造你成為女仔, 那你可以選留長髮、短髮、梳辮子、扮靚;選穿褲子、穿裙子也可。

(若你生的是兒子, 你也可肯定他作為男孩這性別是天父揀選的、喜悅的。父母對孩子性別的肯定與否,將直接影響他們的自我形象、與兩性相處時的態度、性取向等)

問題3

女兒: 為何女孩坐着小便? 男孩站着小便?

我: 男孩站着小便, 因為他們有陰莖。就像茶壺上的壺嘴能把茶準確倒進茶杯內, 男孩站着小便時, 陰莖可把小便(比較)準確地射進馬桶內。就像用碗把水倒進茶杯內,水會四濺般;女孩沒有陰莖,若站着小便, 小便也會四濺。故此女孩坐着小便比較方便、衛生。

(家長若想教導更生動, 可與他們一同做用茶壺、碗倒水的實驗)

問題4

女兒: 媽媽, 為何你的胸大, 我的胸卻是平的?

我: 媽媽的胸較你的大, 因媽媽已發育。你的胸是平的, 這是因你仍是孩子, 未發育。女孩一般由九至十二歲左右,才開始發育, 叫「青春期」。女孩發育其中一個特徵, 便是乳房變大。另外, 腋下及下體到時會長出毛髮等, 這都是正常的。

問題5

女兒: 那為何一些女孩乳房大, 一些女孩乳房小?

我: 女孩乳房大小因人而異, 主要由父母基因遺傳影響。當然, 若媽媽生了孩子, 乳房也會再變大些, 因乳房儲了母乳,可供孩子奶喝。乳房就像是孩子天然的奶瓶, 母乳是天父透過媽媽送給孩子營養最豐富的禮物。乳房大小黃母乳供應量多少沒有直接關係。

問題6

女兒: 爸爸, 為何你的小鳥(陰莖)有毛,我的小便處卻沒有?

爸爸: 你小便處沒有毛只因你還未發育。男孩女孩到了青春期, 小便附近皮膚都會長毛。除此之外, 腋窩也會長毛。男孩還會開始長鬍子、喉嚨長核、聲音變低沉; 手毛、腳毛增長等。這些都是「青春期」的自然生理現象。

問題7

女兒: 媽媽, 為何男孩可以不穿上衣, 女孩卻不可以?

我: 天父造男女身體不同。一般而言, 男孩即使不穿上衣, 女孩看了也不會有特別的感覺。但, 已發育女孩的身體對男孩而言, 卻是十分吸引、誘惑的。女孩不穿上衣, 或衣著過分暴露, 恐怕會給男孩錯誤信息, 以為她是性隨便的人。此外, 中國人傳統觀念認為, 只有不正經的女人或妓女, 才會隨便在其他人面前暴露自己的身體。所以, 女孩子在有其他人的情況或公眾場合, 需要穿衣服。

總結

若父母可以輕鬆、平常心情與子女談性、身體、青春期等敏感題目;耐心聆聽、盡力解答, 或請敎有專業知識的人, 再答孩子, 將來孩子有與「性」相關問題, 如: 戀愛、拍拖、擇偶等問題, 也自然放心向父母求教、商量。相反, 若每次孩子提問, 父母也責備, 或轉移話題, 不了了之, 恐怕只會關閉父母和子女溝通之門, 窒礙孩子好奇、求真的心, 誤以為「性」是禁忌、是髒的, 便不再把心裡的疑問向父母坦白表達。將來遇有問題, 孩子也不會再告訴父母,   改而轉向朋輩、雜誌、電影、上網等不同媒體和渠道, 接受似是而非、扭曲的性觀念、戀愛觀、婚姻觀等, 後果不可謂不嚴重。到那時候, 才去糾正他們, 便恐怕太遲了。把握孩子年幼的時候, 向他們灌輸正確的性教育。

 

「我不是你的家人」 香港菲律賓籍家務傭工吃飯的學問

很好的文章, 值得每個香港菲傭的僱主(這文章也適合印尼女傭的僱主)詳細閱讀及檢視自己給家中外傭膳食的安排:

"... ...所有的人(菲傭)都說:如果有選擇的話,他們寧願獨自一人在廚房吃飯;即使必須站著,又熱又悶,也比在餐廳坐著吃好。"

請登入以下網址詳細閱讀原文: http://guavanthropology.tw/article/6569

請教你的外傭在農曆新年的宜忌

如果你是中國人,請記得在農曆新年前,教導你的外籍家庭傭工關於農曆新年的宜忌(Dos & Don'ts),讓她可更貼心地在農曆新年服待你與你的家人、親友。  

1每天保持微笑的臉 Keep a smiling face from day to night
2無論遇見何人,包括僱主一家人,或其親友,都應立即十指緊扣,說祝福的話。Clasp your hands, greet everyone you see, no matter baby or elder with blessing words

例如:
a教她說-"Sun Nin Fai Lok"-(廣東話)  / "Xin Nian Kuai Le"-(普通話)(意:新年快樂)

-"Gung Hay Fat Choy"-(廣東話)  / "Gong Xi Fa Cai"-(普通話)(意:恭喜發財)

-教她應預備甚麼招待客人。如:說"Ching Yam Cha"-(廣東話) (意:請飲茶)  或

"Xing Ke Cha"-(普通話) (意:請喝茶)

b拿全盒請客人吃糖果。serve snack box,
3教她煮新年的餸菜,招呼客人。teach them what kind of Chinese food to cook to serve your guests .
4穿紅色/色彩鮮豔的衣服 wear Red/ colourful clothes
5當你帶她到親友家前,告訴她你期望她做什麼?例如:照顧嬰兒/蹣跚學步的孩子,或在廚房幫手準備食物和整理?  e.g. take care of baby/toddler/ friend's kid , or help in the kitchen? prepare food and tidy up?

6每當任何人給她利是,她必須用兩隻手接住,然後十指緊扣,說“謝謝” "Dor Che"(廣東話) 或“ “Xièxiè”(普通話)  , “恭喜發財” - “Gung Hay Fat Choy"-(廣東話) / "Gong Xi Fa Cai"- (普通話) (但不可以在對方面前打開它,這是不禮貌的)

 

 


1穿黑色上衣,wear black upper clothes
2早上洗澡、洗頭髮,take shower/ wash hair in the morning
3打破或掉落任何東西,例如任何菜,眼鏡,食物 break anything
4哭泣 cry

5 掃地 / 抹地 sweep or mop the floor

 

當然,每個家庭的文化都是獨特的。請在農曆新年前教妳的外傭關於你家在過年時的規矩、宜忌等,讓大家可以過一個快樂的新年!